Sunday, January 06, 2019

Some star Bible verses for your Epiphany edification


Numbers 24:17



Revelation 22:16



2 Peter 1:19


Philippians 2:15

Saturday, January 05, 2019

Following a star?

Peter Leithart, following James Jordan, claims (conventional!) stars can't really be followed to a particular house or stable. The "star" is really like the glory cloud / fire which led Israel in the wilderness. Israel has become like Egypt. The Magi have become true Israelites.

Jesus as Israel: Matthew Through New Eyes (Athanasius Press, 2017) p70

Don't you think the wonderful literary artistry of the Bible proves it must have been written by God, by the way? People literally could not have made it up.

Joseph

Commenting on Matthew's gospel, Peter Leithart claims:


Joseph of Nazareth is parallel to the Joseph in the book of Genesis: Both are righteous men who dream (1:20), both go to Egypt with their family (2:14), and both return (2:21). 


Jesus as Israel: Matthew Through New Eyes (Athanasius Press, 2017), p69

Matthew's Gospel Inclusios

It is pretty obvious that one will need to read Peter Leithart, Jesus as Israel: Matthew Through New Eyes (Athanasius Press, 2017), but just in case you need persuading, here's something interesting from a footnote on the very first page:

The name Mary is used 12x in the gospels but only once (13:55) between chapters 2 and 27
The gift of a rich man's tomb recalls the gifts of the Magi
Herod's efforts to eliminate Jesus as a rival king // Pilate
The death of the innocents and of Jesus
The beatitudes and the woes of ch. 23

(Annoyingly, I have owned the book for less than a day and page has just fallen out!)

Thursday, January 03, 2019

The Epiphany (Matthew 2)

Further miscellaneous jottings:

The Magi: From Heretics to Heroes (a sermon title I saw somewhere)

The Magi from the East might seem rather unlike us, but we too were born East of Eden, in the realm of sin

Jesus in his coming and going from the world was attended by great men bringing valuable gifts of spices

It is clear that Jesus had come for all the world since he was born in an inn, a place for travellers from whatever place, when the whole world had come to be taxed and the star of his birth was clear to all. (After Lancelot Andrews)

3 manifest stars: (1) The star in heaven (2) the star of faith in the Magi's hearts (3) Christ, the bright morning star himself. Will you make it a 4 star Epiphany?!

The Magi - as the star had risen in heavens, so the morning star had risen in their hearts

The Wisdom of God is found by the wise men.

The star leads us to The Bright Morning Star

A star high in the heavens signifies a lowly baby in a manger


Contrast the Shepherds and the Wise Men

The revelation to the former was somewhat private, the revelation to the latter public.

Lowly / High born

Local / Distant



Stars are signs. Open the signature who can. (Lancelot Andrews)



Numbers 24



Natural revelation is helpful but insufficient. The heavens bring them some of the way, but they need the Bible. The star is gone, the Scriptures remain.



They have the light of the star in their eyes but they also need the word of God in their ears and the Spirit of life in their hearts.



Seeking Jesus is not enough.

It is possible to seek him for the wrong reasons, as Herod did.

Knowing about his coming, as the Scribes did, is not sufficient.

We must seek him in order to worship him.

And we must actually worship him.



The other Herod at his death will seek him and give him a mocking worship.



The whole world and the Scriptures and all our journeying and seeking are to this end: that we might worship Christ



What a great and necessary thing it is to come and worship, which was so hard for them and so easy for us



We are to worship him with soul and body (head, knee, feet, hands etc.) and goods. After all, he made us and gave us our goods.

Much of the above inspired by / stolen from:
http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/andrewes/lancebib.htm?fbclid=IwAR3tvbzhWfuxGvpDE7iIBOH17LYWRKA-cELRJCTAAl2xorYBuXOKznE7Fhk

https://marclloyd.blogspot.com/2019/01/matthew-21-2-some-headings.html

http://marclloyd.blogspot.com/2019/01/following-star.html

https://marclloyd.blogspot.com/2019/01/some-star-bible-verses-for-your.html

See further:

https://marclloyd.blogspot.com/2014/12/for-epiphany-wise-men-kings-magi-stuff.html

https://www.psephizo.com/biblical-studies/is-the-story-of-epiphany-plausible/

Lee on the Lectionary and also videos from other years: https://vimeo.com/308897977/02327ab44c?fbclid=IwAR2hgsoB96gyUFj397lN4e_n8mOOCVioiCS1TbFF9ExEYe9fxwbgU54_kfw

Alistair Roberts on the Magi / Magicians and Balaam:

https://adversariapodcast.com/2019/01/01/the-eighth-day-of-christmas-pharaoh-and-the-magicians/

https://adversariapodcast.com/2019/01/02/the-ninth-day-of-christmas-foreigners-in-search-of-wisdom/

https://adversariapodcast.com/2019/01/03/the-tenth-day-of-christmas-balaam-and-the-magi/

Wednesday, January 02, 2019

Matthew 2:1-2 - some headings

I sometimes think we can be too addicted to sermon headings, but you have got to love Puritan style headings for noticing things in the text:

Matthew 2:1-2

e.g.

The time
The place
The persons
Their origin / nationality
Their occupation / status / roles / learning / skill / rich / kingly etc.
Their destinations
Their question
Their occasion - it's nature and location
Their object / errand
Their faith, their confessing of it (neither afraid of Herod nor ashamed of Christ), the grounds of it, their coming (a difficult, dangerous, distant journey without delay) and diligent seeking (seeing they came, sought, asked, found and worshiped) etc.
What they believe of Christ: his nature, his office, their relation to him
The star affected their eyes, minds, lips, feet, knees, hands etc.
Their worship with their bodies and with their goods

etc.

(After http://anglicanhistory.org/lact/andrewes/v1/sermon14.html and http://anglicanhistory.org/lact/andrewes/v1/sermon15.html)

Like two men carrying a huge bunch of grapes

According to Bishop Lancelot Andrews, the Fathers aptly liken those who came before and after Christ to two men carrying an enormous bunch of grapes on a pole between their shoulders. Both surely carry Christ. But one goes before, unable to see Christ fully and continuously. The other comes after: he has a more sure and sustained view of Christ.

Lancelot Andrewes Works, Sermons, Volume One, SERMONS OF THE NATIVITY PREACHED UPON CHRISTMAS-DAY, 1620. Preached before King James, at Whitehall, on Monday, the Twenty-fifth of December, A.D. MDCXX. http://anglicanhistory.org/lact/andrewes/v1/sermon14.html


Thursday, November 29, 2018

Christingle Talk

The gospel / Christmas / Bible message through fruit.

Look away now if you are planning on coming to my Christingle services this year!

Some jottings:




The Christingle



Explain meaning



ORANGE – world



Oranges are not the only fruit! (FRUIT SLIDE)



The Bible actually has quite a lot to say about fruit



READINGS
Galatians 5:22-26
Matthew 7:15-23



What if you tried to re-tell the gospel / Christmas story through fruit?



COREney



Topical and tropical!



* * *



ORANGE – God made the world



And he made the first human PEAR / PAIR – Adam and Eve



Everything was PEACHY – it was a perfect world



Men and women were the APPLE of God’s eye – he loved them



But MANGOS – Man goes – wrong



DRAGON FRUIT – Devil / serpent / snake / dragon deceived Adam and Eve



Human being acted like LEMONS



They went BANANAS – crazy to sin!



Everything went PEAR shaped



God would send his son to put the world right



It would be a MIRACLE birth



Born in Bethlehem – a real SQUASH



A STAR would guide the wise men to him



Eventually Jesus would die on his cross – his PASSION / suffering



Jesus PLUMed the depths of human sin on the cross



Died and was BERRIED / BURRIED



Rose again



This good news of the Lord Jesus isn’t a FIGment of the imagination



Jesus is alive today – his love is always CURRANT



We can trust in him KUMQUAT may



* * *


Ones that didn't quite make the cut:


GRAPE vine



DATE



JAMBUL / Jumble

Sunday, November 25, 2018

Advent as sacrament

I have been interested in the idea that maybe things in addition to The (dominical) Sacraments (of the gospel) might be thought of as sacramental so I thought I might jot down this quote from J Neil Alexander:


Is Advent a preparatory fast in preparation for the liturgical commemoration of the historical birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, or is Advent a season unto itself, a sacrament of the end of time begun in the incarnation and still waiting on its final consummation at the close of the present age?


"A Sacred Time in Tension" in Liturgy vol. 13, no. 3, quoted in Fleming Rutledge, Advent: The Once & Future Coming of Jesus Christ (Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2018) p. xi

Lost? Where are you in Luke 15:1-10?

Below are some jottings to go with this sermon:

https://www.warbletonchurch.org.uk/sermons-talks/?sermon_id=265


Luke 15:1-10 (page 1048)

LOST?

Where are you?



Where will you see yourself in this passage?



Where do you see God / Jesus / yourself in relation to them?!



V1? Eager to hear Jesus? Tax collectors and sinners?



V2? The muttering religious?



Cf. Luke 5:27-32



V7? The righteous person who does not need to repent?



Will you admit that left to yourself you would be lost, and lost eternally?



Cf. Genesis 3:6-13



Has God found you and brought you home? Thank him!



Have you wandered off from God? Do you need to be brought back home?



Will we join God’s search party?



How would the priority of evangelism change your life and our church life?



Will we join God’s party party over every sinner who repents?



Sinner, will you listen to Jesus and come and eat and drink with him rejoicing?

Monday, November 19, 2018

Church Society Podcast

In which I chat off the top of my head about multi-parish rural ministry:


On Reading

We may have been trained, or have trained ourselves, perhaps, to read critically.

We can almost always say that this in not what we would have written.

Certainly there will be things the author does not say.

Maybe he gets X, Y and Z wrong.

Arguably the whole thing is fatally flawed.

But try, first, to read as sympathetically as you can. What is he trying to say and why?

Even if his solutions are wrong, is he perhaps asking a good question?

What is there to learn here, or to admire?

Is there anything in this?

Then, by all means, lay into it.

Values for Education / Community Primary Schools

What are the most important values for children / primary schools?

Is there any good research on this?


Openness / Curiosity / Asking good questions / Creativity

Positivity / Hope

Perseverance / Resilience / Determination

Courage

Diligence / Perseverance / Not giving up / Trying hard / Hard work / Effort

Excellence / Doing our best / Celebrating effort and achievement

Inclusion / Inclusivity / Hospitality / Welcome / Friendship / Friendliness

Unity in diversity

Tolerance

Mutual Respect / Treat others right / Do to others what you would want them to do to you

Freedom

Working together / Helping one another / Asking for and giving help / Learning in partnership

Enjoying learning / fun / happiness / joy

Kindness

Humility

Growth mindset

Learning Powers

Fairness

Democracy

Rule of law

Free speech

Make smart decisions

Maximise potential

Truthfulness / Honesty  

Sense of right and wrong / moral compass / purpose

Service

Headings / points?

Do you think that evangelical preaching in the UK is currently too addicted to headings and points?

I don't find these in the Bible.

And they aren't normal in newspapers or magazines or radio talks, are they?

Luke 15

In a way we have very little of Jesus' teaching recorded.

If you had a harmony of the gospels and you wanted to read out Our Lord's teaching, I wonder how long it would take. I might Google that.

Given that, it is remarkable that in Luke 15 we have three rather similar parables, each making essentially the same main point: v7, v10, v32.

Jesus rightly welcomes sinners and eats with them. He has come to seek and save the lost. You should get on board with that mission and rejoice over every sinner who repents.

Sunday, November 18, 2018

Luke 14vv25-end

Some material from today's sermon:


Pig and hen discussing breakfast

The hen only has to make a contribution

The pig has to be totally committed


Shackleton Advert

You may have heard the famous advertisement which, as the story goes, the explorer Ernest Shackleton ran in the newspaper to try to recruit men for his Endurance expedition to Antarctica in 1914:



Men wanted for hazardous journey.

Low wages, bitter cold, long hours of complete darkness.

Safe return doubtful.

Honour and recognition in event of success.


Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German Lutheran Pastor who plotted to kill Hitler – hanged by the Nazis 9 April 1945, just weeks before the end of the war

“When Jesus calls a man, he bids him come and die”


Chicago’s Cardinal Francis George once said:

"I expect to die in bed, my successor will die in prison and his successor will die a martyr in the public square.

His successor will pick up the shards of a ruined society and slowly help rebuild civilization, as the church has done so often in human history."

Saturday, November 17, 2018

Luke 14vv25-35

Draft handout. Snappy as ever!


Luke 14:25-35 (p1048)



If you are interested in Jesus

or you want to do what God wants,

listen to this! (v25, v35b)





If you are thinking about following Jesus:





(1) You must put Jesus first, even above your family and your own life (vv25-26)







(2) You must be willing for the shame and death of following Jesus (v27)







(3) You must count the cost of following Jesus to the end before you begin





Compare it to a building project… (vv28-30)





Or to a war… (vv31-32)







(4) You must (in principle) give up everything you have to be Jesus’ disciple (v33)







(5) You must be a real disciple, not a useless one (vv34-35)

Desire


From The Rectory



What do you desire for 2019?



This parish magazine item is all about desire. But don’t worry: it’s not as pacey as it might sound!



The Church of England is very keen on what it calls Spiritual Directors or Soul Friends for the clergy. It is a kind of cheap therapy: a chap you go and talk to about your walk with the Lord and anything else that is bugging you. You can safely sound off about the parishioners, for example, theoretically!



Anyway, my “Spiritual Director” has asked me to reflect on “What do you really want?” And it occurs to me that it is not a simple business. Sometimes we do not really know ourselves. We can surprise ourselves or be mysterious even to ourselves. Your reactions, or thoughts, or things you say might reveal desires you didn’t really know you had. Or which you didn’t want to admit, even to yourself. Or which you did not realise were so strong, or so unmet or….  



In this New Year season, you might like to give yourself a spiritual health check, a mini MOT of the soul. And I think this question, “What do you desire?” would not be a bad one to ponder.



Perhaps I could make three general points about desire:



(1) Desires are good



Christians have sometimes been worried by desires, especially the more bodily desires, like the drive for food or sex. Eastern religions tend to seek detachment both from suffering and desire. But according to the Bible God made us good with good desires.



(2) Desires are disordered



Yet we all know that we and our world are far from perfect. Sometimes we desire the wrong things. Often we desire good things too much, or for the wrong reasons, or by the wrong means. It is not that we need to be free from all desire. Rather, we need our desires re-ordered. When we make things our ultimate desire, they become our god, a false god, an idol.



(3) All desires are designed ultimately to terminate in the love of God



If you are a regular at church you are probably bored of hearing me quote St Augustine of Hippo. He wrote in his spiritual autobiography, The Confessions: “O Lord, you have made us for yourself and our hearts are restless until they find their rest in you.” Whether we realise it or not, God is our highest desire. We were made to love him and be loved by him. All legitimate desires flourish only in relation to God who is the source and goal of all things. Jesus told us to seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness. If we do, we will find that is what we really want.



So what?



Once you’ve worked out what you want, I’m not sure what the next step is. Or quite how our desires are to be reordered, except by the miraculous intervention of the grace of God. Maybe my next session with therapy man will reveal the answer, and I can report back in these pages. I reckon there will be some things of which to repent. And some things to seek, under God, as far as circumstances and other duties allow. That, I think, would give you enough to be working on, and perhaps the Holy Spirit would do the rest as your read your Bible, pray and attend church – if that’s what you want.



Enjoy your 2019! But mind what you seek. Above all, pray that you might enjoy God by glorifying him. Perhaps in 2020 we might be able to say that our desires are somewhat different and are somewhat more fulfilled, even as we groan for their full flowering in the New Creation.

The Revd Marc Lloyd

Thursday, November 01, 2018

Come Dine With Jesus (Luke 14:1-24)

A handout:


Philippians 2:1-11 (p1179) / Luke 14:1-24 (p1047)



COME DINE WITH JESUS!



v1



(1) SEATING PLANS: Be Humble



Be humble, and God will exalt you (vv7-11)



Luke 1:46-53



What Jesus himself did…



-        Glory, Manger, Cross, Resurrection, Ascension



-        Washing the disciples’ feet (John 13:1-17)



Luke 22:24-27





(2) GUEST LISTS: Receive God’s Grace and Be Generous



Jesus has compassion on a man who needs mercy and help (vv2-6)



Luke 5:29-32



Invite the poor, the crippled, the lame and the blind (v13)



Luke 6:32-36



God invites the poor, the crippled, the blind and the lame (v21)





You’ve been invited – come! (v17)



Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Enjoying "God"

Mrs Lloyd and I have brought Tim Chester's new book, Enjoying God (Good Book Company, 2018) on holiday. (I should point out that thus far I have only read a tiny bit and not super carefully!).

Chester points out that God is God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Agreed!

He therefore argues that strictly, speaking of "God" is always shorthand for God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit (or perhaps for one of the persons). We do not know God in his essential and mysterious nature but only through the persons.

I think Chester claims that our relationship with God will always be clarified and deepened if we think specifically about the persons and that this will help us to enjoy God more fully.

I wonder how this approach maps on to biblical usage?

Friday, October 19, 2018

Luke 9:1-13 - Some headings

My current attempt:


(Suffering is real and painful and is often given as an objection to the Christian faith)



For Jesus:



Suffering is not simply a hypothetical issue to be discussed (vv1-2)



Suffering is not (normally) a direct consequence of extreme personal sin (vv2-3, v4)



Suffering is a warning of the judgement to come, which we all deserve (v3, v5)



Suffering should lead us to real repentance before God’s patience runs out (vv6-9)

* * *

Bock's outline:


Lessons for Israel (vv1-9)

(a) Tragedy and the need to repent (vv1-5)

(i) Massacre by Pilate and the call to repent (vv1-3_

(ii) Tower of Siloam and the call to repent (vv4-5)

(b) Parable of the spared fig tree (vv6-9)

(i) Instruction to destroy the tree (vv6-7)

(ii) Delay and warning (vv8-9)

* * *


All Souls’ Langham Place, Richard Bewes, Suffering - a dead end? - G027 Series: The Bible Speaks Today (Issues of Topical Concern) - 09/11/1997

 

(1) We are all living in a fallen world



(2) We’re all living in a temporary home



(3) We are all living on borrowed time

 

(4) We’re all living as debtors to love



* * *



St Ebbe’s, Al Gibbs - Questions Of Life: What is Jesus looking for? 15/03/2015

 

(1) The role of suffering: suffering is meant to make us repent.

It shows us that something is wrong and that something needs to be done about it



(2) The need for repentance



Suffering is a foretaste of the judgement of sin and a worked example of the horror of sin



(3) The urgency of the hour


Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Ethos, logos, pathos

Is this a useful way of thinking about preaching?

Which do we particularly need to work on?

How can we develop these?

Harvest is brought to you by the letter "G"

You could do something for harvest with the allure of alliteration's aidful art.

Maybe the kids would enjoy how many food / harvest words beginning with "g" can you think of?!

The ground has produced a harvest.
The crops have grown.
They are all good gifts of the grace of God.
We should respond not with greed but with gratitude and generosity.

Friendship evangelism?

British evangelicalism has often had a strategy of so-called "friendship evangelism". Tell your friends the good news about Jesus is a no-brainer but there are at least two possible problems with this.

(1) No friendships?

Some Christians have few real friendships outside the church for all sorts of reasons. Maybe quirks of personality. Perhaps busyness at church activities and meetings. Obviously there are some cultural and worldview bridges to cross between contemporary British evangelicals and the average local pagan.

But as a strategy this whole approach is questionable, is it not? We do not befriend people solely for the purpose of propping up our club, as if the Village Hall committee were a bit short of helpers and the current team were tasked to target people they might recruit by getting them round for dinner a couple of times and then popping the question. The friendships must be genuine if there is to be honest and ethical friendship evangelism.

(2) No evangelism?

But I imagine most of us get stuck at the friendship stage. We are for ever building up the friendship. It is too soon to mention Jesus. And then the friendship really matters to us, so it is a bit risky to mention Jesus if that might jeopardise the friendship.

Better than a friendship evangelism strategy, how about this:

If we love people and we believe we have the best and most vital news in the world ever to share, it will be hard to shut us up, though, won't it?

This is of course easier to say than to do. Pray for the Rector in this too!

Sunday, October 14, 2018

Consider the ravens

We need to let the context determine exactly what lesson Jesus wants us to learn from the ravens because considered in themselves they could be thought to be pretty anxiously obsessed with getting food for themselves and with sex and such other worldly concerns. Granted that they do not plan barn expansion and luxurious retirements, the raven would protest that he works pretty hard and thinks about little other than feeding himself and the kids. He does not necessarily have his mind fixed on God and his kingdom. Although perhaps I risk being uncharitable to the Christian ravens.

Saturday, October 13, 2018

Henry VIII

It is obviously an understatement to say that Henry VIII was a remarkable person.

I found this comment from MacCulloch's Cromwell interesting:

"Henry, when not showing off his masculinity in sports and open-air pursuits, was... an addict of books, even though he often got other people to read them to him. The large accumulations of them in his various palaces were one of the most genuinely individual features among his displays of monarchical conspicuous expenditure. He spent laborious but clearly enjoyable hours annotating his collection, usually with some particular political or theological purpose in mind." (p141)

Luke 12:22-34 - Do Not Worrry - A draft handout

FWIW the handout went through a bit of an iteration this AM so I am going with this version 2 if the printer co-operates!


LUKE 12vv22-34 (p1045)

FOR WHAT SHALL WE THEN LIVE?



(1) DON’T LIVE FOR TREASURE THAT FAILS AND FADES



What is life all about? (V15, v23)



Jesus said to his disciples: “Therefore…” (v22)



Anxious about the necessities of life?



·       Illustration 1: God feeds the ravens (v24)



·       Worry is pointless (Vv25-26)



·       Illustration 2: God clothes the lilies (vv27-28)



·       Worry is unnecessary (v28-31)



The antidote to worry: trusting your loving heavenly Father (v30)



(2) LIVE FOR TREASURE THAT SATISFIES AND STAYS



Don’t worry / Don’t think of a pink elephant!



The alternative to setting your heart on food and drink and running after such things: seeking God’s kingdom (vv29-31)



Irish logic? (Vv31-32)

The motivating power of grace: Seek the kingdom which God has been pleased to give you – not anxious worry about God and his kingdom!



Invest in heaven! (v33)

You / your heart will follow your money! (v34)



What is life all about? God and his kingdom! Cf. The Lord’s Prayer


Luke 12: The kingdom of God, worry and giving

I am not planning to use them, but just in case anyone finds these little headings from Hugh Palmer useful:


The rich fool: greed without gain



Worry: ulcers without profit


(1) Kingdom priorities (v31)

 

(2) Kingdom confidence (v32)

 

(3) Kingdom generosity (v33)


Thursday, October 11, 2018

Evangelical preaching: diagnosis, application, exposition, explanation

I have been listening to The Revd Vaughan Roberts, who is one of my favourite preachers to plagiarise.

I would say that significantly more than half of the sermon could be called diagnosis and application rather than exposition or explanation, though there is certainly a good measure of that. The theological ideas are arguably relatively few and simple but we are shown our need of them and the difference they might make.

The preaching actually connects to how we might think and act.

For example, we are encouraged to think about what produces excessive emotional reactions in us and to chase down the rabbit holes to discover what we are really running after.

We feel that at least to a degree the preacher empathises with us and is seeking to understand us.

Issues of identity and security are explored and related to relationship with God our heavenly Father. What determines your sense of self? What or who are you trusting?

I would say that is less than typical of some evangelical preaching, or at least of how we typically think of it, and that there is much to learn here.

Worry (Luke 12:22-26)

A little quaint, perhaps but...

“The Robin and the Sparrow"

Said the robin to the sparrow,
“I should really like to know,
Why these anxious human beings
Rush about and worry so.”
Said the sparrow to the robin,
“Friend I think that it must be,
That they have no Heavenly Father,
Such as cares for you and me.”


Elizabeth Cheney

https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/714001-the-robin-and-the-sparrow-said-the-robin-to-the 

Luke 12:22ff

I may use this on Sunday AM so you may wish to look away now:


Most preachers re-use some of their material from time to time.

And it seems that the Lord Jesus was no exception.

Who knows how often Jesus preached.

Maybe most days, perhaps several times a day or for several hours.

And so he probably didn’t have time for lots of extra sermon preparation as he travelled around.

You can imagine the disciples saying to him, “O, Jesus, tell us the one about the whited sepulchres again!”

Or, “Jesus, what about the one about the man with the plank in his eye?!”

The oral tradition of the time depended on repetition and that helps to account, under God, for the remarkable preservation and agreement between the gospels.



We’re more familiar with this famous passage from the version in Matthew’s gospel where it forms part of the sermon on the mount.

And we’ve looked at that passage together before.

But here it has a different context which brings out particular aspects of its meaning.



Starting the reading at v22 is really starting mid-way through!

When we come to the “therefore” in v22, we ought to know from our Bible study training that we should ask: “What is the therefore therefore?”

What is the logic of the passage that is being pointed out here?

Because of that, therefore this.

Because of what Jesus has previously said, now here comes the application which follows from it.

So the application of what exactly?

Let’s recall that brilliant little parable of the rich fool which Jesus told which we studied last week.


Towards an evangelical theology of place II: church buildings

Evangelicals are sometimes fond of saying that church buildings are really a nothing: rain shelters, more or less glorious.

God does not live in temples made by human hands. Absolutely.

But consider 2 things which give our buildings significance:

(1) Meaning and value are partly socially and historically constructed.

Which sounds fancy. What it means is that Elton John's glass or Elvis Presley's guitar are worth much more than any old cup or instrument to many people.

Say your church has been at the iconic, religious, cultural, physical heart of your village since AD 800 and that prayers have been offered there every day time out of mind. Does that make the building magic? Of course not. Does it physically change it? Probably only fairly minimally. Does it matter? I think any reasonable person would say it does. Even if it does not matter to the Evangelical preacher, he can be sure it matters to the villagers, even those who rarely attend!

Calvin would not want you to play ping pong on the Lord's Table, though it is just a table. Consider that.

(2) Neutrality is impossible.

Even an empty white box of a building has a significance and sends a message (maybe God hates stuff, or beauty, or something!). You building must have some sort of shape, so maybe a cross is not a bad one.

If you are Christian at all you need some kind of Table and you need to put it somewhere. You probably want a pulpit or lectern of some description.

So we need to think about this stuff.


Monday, October 08, 2018

Don't worry - easy?!


 Don't worry (Matthew 6 / Luke 12)



(1) "That’s easy for you to say!"



Well, yes, it is. Relatively. Maybe. We’re not exactly living the high life at the Rectory but we are relatively comfortable and secure compared to many, in some ways, I suppose.



But remember that these are the words of Jesus. He was born in relative poverty and had lived in exile as a wanted baby. He had no where to lay his head. He would die as the worst sort of common criminal, seemingly with only the clothes on his back to his name. He was buried in a borrowed grave. He knew whereof he spoke.



(2) "That’s easy to say!"



Well, yes, it is.



But Jesus gives us good reasons not to worry. Worry is pointless and unnecessary. We cannot add to our lives by worry. And we need not worry because our loving heavenly Father will take care of us and bring us at last to the promised land of the New Creation.



We might have money worries, but we do not have to cultivate them. Jesus is not saying that we are never to think of money or plan for the future. But we need not be consumed by worry about these things. We can cast our anxieties on him, knowing that he cares for us. 

Rather than just saying "do not think of a pink elephant" / "do not worry", Jesus gives us a positive focus: seek first the kingdom of God. 

Sunday, October 07, 2018

Christians Against Poverty are Christian Shock!

The BBC2 documentary Debt Saviours available on iPlayer is well worth an hour of your time.

The crew did lots and lots of filming and they have, of course, chosen the most engaging, striking material. Naturally they had an eye to any issues or angles. A bit of controversy is good for ratings.

And though the BBC is not a bastion of evangelicalism (!) I would say CAP comes out excellently. Even if you are not a God-botherer of exactly their brand, there is so much to admire.

One issue is that perhaps CAP are doing what some think the government or maybe the financial services industry should do. Well, I don't buy that. But the government aren't doing it, are they?

As someone has on Twitter, in fact, it is the Christians who are working with the most vulnerable most effectively and this could be multiplied in many other areas. When Richard Dawkins and the National Secular Society run food banks and schools and drug rehabilitation, maybe we should listen to their arguments a bit more carefully. Until then, as someone else said, by their fruits you shall know them.

And, surprise surprise, Christians, like, believe in God and the Bible and Jesus and prayer. And they invite people to church. And give them free literature. Of course! They think the gospel is good news worth sharing which actually works. Trusting Jesus and church membership would actually help people in debt if they gave it a go.

But this is done with gentleness and respect and the highest possible ethical standards. Say, "thanks, I'm not interested in all the God stuff, but can you help with my debt?" and bob is your father's brother.

If I knew anyone with debt issues, I know what I would Google, even if I were a militant atheist.

Friday, October 05, 2018

Sam Harris' argument summarised

Look, we are just going to have to agree that we know what rationality is and that it works. And what "good" and "bad" are, at least at the extremes.

Peterson's (and other right thinking persons') response: These are problems!

How do we go from "facts" to values?

Peterson v Harris

Peterson seems to benefit from much more specific science and knowledge of the philosophical tradition. His arguments seem much more precise and there is less need for hand waving.

"I can't believe, even if I wanted to"

Nah. I don't buy that. You have to doubt your doubts.

What does your atheism do for you? Are you willing to give that up?

You can believe lots of things that don't seem possible to you.

And you can feel profoundly lots of things you think are untrue.

You can do what you want in this area.

You've got to get over yourself.

To believe is to give intellectual assent and to trust, to depend, not so much to feel persuaded or be able to prove something.

Carry on!

Towards an Evangelical Theology of Place

It is really hard to think about anything for 10 minutes. But say you made an evangelical think for 10 minutes about place or the related idea of space, what might he say?

(The is interesting as the C of E thinks about the parish system. And as society things about Anywheres and Somewheres).

Though Christians have had something to say about time, space and place are perhaps less discussed in our Systematic Theologies.

Space and place are created things and are good.

Place is space with meaning and purpose, space with stuff in it or viewed from a point of view.

In the Old Testament place really matters. There is Eden and the land and the world. There is the temple and the promised land. There can be special and common places and clean and unclean places. And the goodness is to spread. The earth is to be made more like heaven.

The earthly scheme somehow is modelled on heaven according to the book of Hebrews. Heaven is a place too, mysteriously.

People are embodied and that is good and makes place necessary.

The incarnation, resurrection and ascension require a place. Though there is also a extra - the divine nature.

The Spirit can bridge spaces e.g. between earth and heaven.

What happens in the NT? Does all the Temple / Land stuff go to Jesus or is there more?

What of church buildings? Are they mere rain shelters (however glorious)?

Can there be a kind of sacred space?

In Acts there could be said to be a kind of salvation geography and a scheme which is somewhat place oriented: Jerusalem and Judea and Samaria and to the Ends of the Earth.

A friend pointed out that Acts 17:26 might be relevant. God is sovereign over places and is at least in some sense interested in them with respect to nations.

Discuss!

Harris v Peterson

One of the most interesting things about the Harris / Peterson discussions on the interweb is that both nights the audience "voted" to shut itself up (no Q&A) so that the grown ups could go on talking. That showed a certain intellectual humility which they can be proud of, I think.

A Christian Response to Dr Jordan Peterson

What are the best Christian responses you have seen to the work of Dr Jordan Peterson?

I should stress there is so much to appreciate in Peterson's work: a sense of responsibility, truth speaking, taking suffering seriously, the Bible as a fundamental guide, insights to human nature, the snakes in my own heart etc.

Some first points of response might be:

(1) Sometimes his mythological psychological readings of the Bible are a bit weird and sometimes traditional Christians would call them plain wrong. They are also not necessarily the chief concern of the Bible writers / the church who, like, really care about God!

(2) God actually does exist and that really matters. Likewise the specifics of the life and teaching of Jesus, the Word of God etc. The after life.

(3) Peterson says he lives as if God exists. But doing so would mean active involvement in the community, life and discipline of the church and this would give important spiritual and ethical shape to life. The Christian vision is of a community, a people, not just the honest seeker after truth on his own with his books and You Tube.

(4) Even if you buy a kind of evolution, it is questionable to what extent that should shape how we ought to act.

(5) It is right to encourage responsibility etc., but you probably need rather more forgiveness, grace and external power (The Holy Spirit) in your system than much of Peterson's teaching sometimes seems to imply.

(A friend kindly pointed out that Dr Alistair Roberts has thought about this rather more than I have: https://alastairadversaria.com/?s=Peterson )

Thursday, October 04, 2018

Meaning, purpose, morality

Sam Harris seems to argue that it is a bad question to ask what the meaning or purpose of life is. He thinks we all agree that something extremely horrible is bad and that we can imagine something "better". We move away from pain. But he seems to struggle to explain and ground the good in something objective. He struggles to speak of a real deep down ought. Evil is just a maladaptation.

Fundamentalists

Sam Harris is also wrong that the fundamentalists are basically right because for one thing it ignores context. The Christian is not intended to live like an ancient Israelite under the Old Covenant.

Basic intuitions

Seem to be the best foundation that Sam Harris can offer. He has to fall back on language like "we are clearly designed to have these intuition". But he presumably does not think we are designed.

Literalism

Sam Harris is also wrong to think that sophisticated metaphorical readings are modern rationalistic things e.g. driven by science. The Fathers loved that sort of stuff!

Canonical Interpretation

Surprisingly, perhaps, Jordan Peterson is good on the fact that the twist at the end of the Bible story (say, the cross and resurrection) shapes how we should read the whole. The overall context, the end of the developmental narrative, shapes how we should read the whole.

Rationalism

Sam Harris is quite wrong to think that it was scientific rationalism / humanism that "corrected" Christian fundamentalism either historically or philosophically.

The thing is, you need God to have rationality. And that is what we in fact needed.

Good friends

want the best for the best you. They will cry with you and celebrate with you. They want to move towards a better future with you.

(More stealing from Peterson).

The Big Story

You are hardwired to want to know the big story of humanity and how you fit into it and move it on.

Thankfully, the Bible.

What makes us "happy"?

Jordan Peterson thinks it is experiencing success in pursuing a goal we value. We should go after meaning not just pleasure.

How To Develop Yourself / Your Personality

Stolen from Jordan Peterson.

So, you know the big personality traits?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Big_Five_personality_traits

Peterson argues that you could persuade yourself to do some little stuff that would help you to extend your range, perhaps again and again. Repeated small steps might be really powerful.

For example, if you think you are perhaps over controlling, a bit rigid, hyper-organised, disagreeable etc. you could get a dog. You would have to think of it's needs and live with the fact that it leaves hair around the place.

Or if you lack openness and creativity, you could read a book slightly outside your usual choices.

If you are over conscientious, find some way to relax a little bit some time.

You get the idea! Enjoy!


Remembrance - Parish Magazine Article / Sermon Outline


From The Rectory



Since this year marks 100 years since the end of the First World War, it seems especially fitting to devote this November letter to the subject of Remembrance.



Remembrance Sunday happens to fall on 11th November this year too.



All three churches in the benefice will observe the traditional two-minutes silence at 11am and details of the services are included later in the magazine. We hope you’ll be able to join us for this important community occasion even if you’re not a regular in church. There is even a bring and share lunch at Bodle Street Green village hall if you’d like to extend the occasion. I’m sure those from Warbleton and Dallington could get away with turning up too, but I didn’t say that!



So much could be said about war, peace and remembrance and there will be an opportunity to reflect further in these themes at our services. For now, maybe I could make three simple points:



(1) We are such forgetful creatures, and there are some things we ought especially to remember.



You probably know the experience only too well of walking in to a room and wondering why you went there. Often I can’t remember the most basic details of the last fortnight, and I don’t think that is just because I am now the wrong side of 40. We are forgetful. Sometimes necessarily and even thankfully so.



But there is so much we really ought to remember. Not least the horrors of war. And the sacrifices of all those who died that we might know peace. We should take seriously the pledge we make each year: “We will remember them.”



Above all, however, the Bible urges us to remember God our Creator and Redeemer. We owe him everything and it is in relationship to him that meaning and purpose are to be found.



(2) God remembers.



Although we too easily forget, God always sees and knows. He remembers and cares. Every life, every moment matters to him. And all will be called to account. Justice will be done. Wrongs will be righted. In the end peace will reign. All those who are forgotten by history and by their descendants are remembered by the Almighty and Eternal God.



(3) But surprisingly there is one thing God says he will not remember.



It bears saying again it is so unbelievable. Amazingly, there is one thing God says he will not remember. Not literally that it will slip his mind, of course. Rather, he will deliberately refrain from calling it to mind and acting upon it. God will forget his people’s sins. He will put them away and wipe them out. Because of the supreme sacrifice of the Lord Jesus, all our foolishness and rebellion can be erased. Sometimes we have to live with the consequences of our mistakes, but in eternity they will never be brought up again. God has pledged himself to remove believers’ sins from them as far as the east is from the west. He will bury our wrong-doing in the depths of the ocean. Not because he turns a blind eye to vice or winks at evil, but because Jesus has fully paid the price for sin. Jesus’ victory over sin and death and hell towers over all the conflicts of human history and of the human heart. That is worth remembering.

Tuesday, October 02, 2018

Respect Assembly

Today's Collective Worship Assembly: Theme of respect - things people are afraid of (images) - the Bible tells us many times to fear God - it means awe / reverence / respect not cringing terror. Enjoy your day!

Monday, October 01, 2018

The Rich Fool (Luke 12:13-21) - A handout


Luke 12:13-21 (p1045) – The Parable of the Rich Fool



A parable =



(1) A good thing: blessed with success (v16)



How should we respond to success?



(a) Gratitude to God



(b) Generosity to others



(2) A questionable thing: “I will build bigger barns” (v18)



Reasonable provision for self and others but…



(3) A bad thing: hording, selfishness and laziness (v19)



(4) A bad thing for the rich fool: God will judge him (v20)



He makes 2 great mistakes:



(a) He forgets about God



Notice the frequency of “I / my” etc. on the lips of the rich fool



(b) He forgets about death and the judgement to come



(5) A good thing: God will judge the world with justice



“Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed

A man’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions (v15)”

“This is how it will be with anyone who stores up things for himself

but is not rich towards God (v21)”



V22: Therefore… - read on for how Jesus applies this parable!